oh yes there we are it's great wonderful wonderful how lovely to be

here again twice within the past three minutes oh my goodness I don't know what

was happening there I'm sorry about that but everything went slightly wrong my

connection YouTube would not connect no one would connect in fact everything was

going slightly wrong there for which I apologise here we are once again yes we

are back with you live on YouTube and this is without a doubt I am 100%

certain that this is English addict coming to you live from the birthplace

of English which just happens to be England

I'm not sure what was going on there I hope you can see me clearly

unfortunately I don't know why I have no idea but the connection today is very

strange very unusual perhaps it's the wind

have you noticed outside did you see at the beginning there is quite a strong

wind blowing today outside there it is so that is the view right now outside

the window and the wind is beating across the Shropshire Hills and also

crashing into my house as well it is very unsettled out there very

windy not only that but also there is something else happening here today we

have some damage to repair on the roof of the house so there are some builders

at the moment on the roof of the house repairing the roof and it has nothing to

do with the wind so it's nothing to do with the wind nothing serious they are

just doing some slight repairs to the roof so a lot of things going on today

not just that but also my internet would not connect for some reason I don't know

why so I've changed the speed of my internet today so the streaming today my

stream is coming to you at a slightly different rate so if the picture is not

clear please let me know but I am having to use some different settings so you

can see me Oh besides that everything's ok yes I am happy because I've made it

to the end of another week and guess what so have you it's Friday

hmm I don't know if I'm coming or going I really don't what a day so far I've

only just started and I've had enough already I hate it when my technology

doesn't work properly and I'm sure you feel the same way as well here we go

then the Sun is out even though it's windy here in England yes I am in the

studio hi everybody this is mr. Duncan for those who don't know who I am I'm in

England I teach English I talk about the English language I do live streams as

well you can watch my live streams three times a week just like you are watching

me right now Sunday Wednesday Friday is when you can catch me here on YouTube 2

p.m. UK time it is always the same time so it's very easy to remember and also

if you want to have some live captions to help you understand what I'm saying

well guess what you can press C on your keyboard and you will have as if by

magic live captions and of course if you are watching on your mobile device you

can also go to your settings on your mobile device and you can activate the

actual captions so if you go to your settings on your mobile device maybe

you're watching on your smartphone your iPhone or maybe a tablet device you can

activate the captions as well it's as easy as that and then you will be able

to follow everything I am saying hopefully we have a busy one today we

have so much to talk about I'm going to show you also something for

last year a lovely memory from last year I know at the moment a lot of people are

miserable and happy upset because of all of the things happening in the world and

let's face it there is a lot of stuff going on right now around the planet in

fact there's a lot of stuff going on above the planet as well lots of things

happening memories we are talking about memories today we are going to have a

look at one of my English lessons where I talk about memory so that is coming

later on also we have a lovely memory from last year when mr. Steve and myself

we went to visit a lovely country a beautiful place mr. Steve was very lucky

yeah last year we had a very lucky year 2019 was quite a good year let's just

say it was a lot better than this year if I can be quite honest with you now

last year mr. Steve won not one but two holidays through his company because he

had been working so hard so last year we went to Paris for a few days we didn't

pay for it it was all mr. Steve's company that paid

for it and then we had another holiday we went to Portugal a wonderful time

a wonderful place in fact I had never been to Portugal before ever in my life

so I thought it would be nice to have a quick look at something nice a nice

memory let's be honest everything at the moment is a little bit stinky and

horrible so I thought why not have something nice to remember a nice memory

so here we are a year ago walking around Portugal

I hope you enjoyed that a little blast from the past as we say something to

remember from last year when we went to Portugal and mr. Steve was very lucky

and so was I because I was allowed to join Steve on his prised holidays I must

admit I had a lovely time it isn't very often that you get to have two holidays

that you don't have to pay for it all however Steve did work very hard and he

did earn those holidays so we had a nice time Portugal a wonderful place I

recommend that you go there I went to a place I stayed in a place called sintra

not very far away from Lisbon well in fact it was quite away but nearby near

than Scotland nearer than Scotland is that's all I can say

hello also to the live chat oh I haven't said hello yet I'm glad to see you all

here some slight technical problems however I have reduced the speed of my

bitrate I'm sure that means nothing to most of you in fact it means nothing to

me as well but that's what I've done I've

reduced my bitrate so hopefully I am now streaming more smoothly than I was ten

minutes ago here we go then the live chat is up and running nice to see you

here as well hello to Mohsen also Vitas lolli lolli nice to see you as well can

can karna hello to you as well Thomas also we have Beatriz and Peter you are

all first on today's live chat congratulations and thank you for

joining me not just once but twice

and I can I compliment you on your wonderful patience so you didn't just

click on my video want once you actually joined me twice because of my

disconnection amazing thank you very much

we have Belarus er is here as well nice to see you back also Robyn is here

Robyn Hakim Irene also we have Lille here today thanks for

joining me yes it was a little bit difficult today

a lot of things going on not least of all the fact that there are people

crawling around on the roof of the house making lots of noise also I'm here as

well on a very windy day and I couldn't get connected to YouTube

unfortunately Lena is here hello Lena nice to see you as well Valentina

Irene well a lot of people here already also we have sandy hello sandy Adele

nice to see you here as well thank you for joining me also we have

Morril dare watching in Brazil nice to see you here

as well a lot of people are now joining again oh we have Pedro Belmont to see

you nice to see you Pedro's welcome back also we have pal Mira and also mohei

also we have hoose na we have Massimo even in Rome apparently in Rome

there is also a strong wind blowing that has damaged some roofs wow that is one

of the problems with strong wind if your house is old like this one you might

have a little bit of damage however I think this house the problem with the

on this house is that for over 50 years it's been beaten and blown against lots

of things have happened to it over the years so I think over the years it has

become damaged so that's why we are having to have some repairs made on the

roof of the house unfortunately we have no choice

hello mica mica ODE is here as well watching in Japan can I say a big thank

you by the way - oh can I say thank you - chin Jun you for your kind donation

for your very kind donation on paypal thank you very much for that

for your lovely donation and whilst we're talking about donations can I also

say thank you to my patreon donators as well

Mika once more hello Mika again ding by Andrew Julie Hanna

Oleg and also Michael thank you very much for your lovely donations your

regular donations on patreon as well so thank you very much for that I do

appreciate it of course I do because through your help I am able to do this

for free it costs nothing and I've been doing this for ever such a long time how

long a long time a very long time in fact by the way next month on the 16th

of July it will be 4 years since I started doing my live streams so next

month will be an anniversary for years I've been doing this almost my live

streams and of course I've been teaching here on YouTube for nook for almost 14

years a very long time indeed hello Cory hello also era tomorrow Roxy hello to

you as well hello franceska and a Coby Wow

so many people are joining me today thank you very much for giving up your

Friday it is the end of the week we have made it all the way to the end of the

week and of course this is the first week of June as well

although it doesn't feel very summery outside at the moment it does not oh

thank you very much for your lovely comments about my little video clip in

Portugal thank you very much

Cory says you are coming with pictures from Portugal

what a coincidence because of course Luis Mendez hello Luis I can see you

thank you very much for your lovely message as well yesterday thanks for

your email letting me know that you were watching on Wednesday thank you very

much and of course Luis Mendez originally is

from Portugal ts is here also we have Zoar hellos or Lina I remember my

wonderful time in London in 2011 a week before Easter and also in 2013 three

weeks in July oh I see so you've been to London twice so once in 2011 and once in

2013 I hope you had a good time at the moment not many people are travelling

around for various reasons I'm sure you know why here in the UK we have been

told that from the 15th of June when we go outside we will have to wear face

masks I know it's a little bit late it feels

as if we should have been doing that three months ago but no from the 15th of

June we are all recommended and also required in fact to wear masks if we are

traveling on public transport or if we are going into a place where there are

many people you have to wear a mask and if you don't have a facemask they can

ask you to leave so that is all happening here in the UK from the 15th

of June this year well 2020 we're not even halfway through

the year yet we're not even halfway through what a what a horrible year this

is bheem I can't wait for 2020 to end to be honest Mary is here hello Mary

I wrote a runs err hello to you as well Abdulla is here hi everyone most of us

here are trying to be good at English and learn through mr. Duncan's dreams

but it's not enough we have to practice so if there is some interesting

practicing please let me know well I suppose there are many ways of

practicing your English maybe you can watch a movie with captions so there are

many ways besides watching YouTube there are other ways as well maybe reading a

book maybe writing something that you copy from a book if you are going to do

that always make sure you are doing something that you are interested in an

interesting subject or something you enjoy reading about because then it

makes it more interesting hello's or hello also two and a peeker

is here as well nice to see you what is the subject for today

lots of things today we are talking about well of course it's Friday so we

will be doing the sentence game we are having the sentence game today the

sentence game the sentence game is happening today also some strange

English words and another thing that I thought was interesting we are going to

look at some polite nice ways of swearing I know we all do it we all do

it from time to time I sometimes do it sometimes we use bad language when we

are angry or upset we might do it it does happen from time to time yes so

I thought today it would be interesting to have a look at some some ways of

swearing but politely you can swear in a very polite way so that is something

we're going to do a little bit later on polite swearing it is possible to swear

to get all of that anger out without offending anyone so that's something we

are going to look at as well yes the sentence game is coming later on I will

invite you all to join in with the sentence game we will also be looking at

one of my full English lessons and also one of my lessons that I made all about

the subject of memory because we are remembering things today and I was

remembering my lovely holiday last year with mr. Steve curse words yes

curse words if you swear you use curse words you use bad language

but there are ways of doing that without being offensive and I will show you that

in a few moments we will have a look at that in a few moments Valeria says I

really need to learn that well I suppose from time to time we all

get a little bit angry we all say things that we don't mean quite often we will

swear especially if we are in pain or maybe someone has upset us all made us

angry so yes it can happen I think so polite swearing so let's have a look

shall we it is possible to swear politely when

you lose your temper you might say something that sounds rude but it isn't

for example maybe you are using a hammer and then suddenly you you hit your

finger with the hammer you strike your finger which causes a lot of pain and

you will say fudge fudge so you are saying something that sounds rude but it

isn't it is a way of releasing that pain you are expressing the pain through your

words fudge we do this a lot in the UK if we want to swear but we don't we

don't want to offend anyone we will say oh oh fudge we might say what the fudge

what the fudge by the way fudge if you are wondering is a very sweet type of

food very sweet some people don't like to

fudge because it's very sweet very sickly but fudge is something well I

like fetch to be honest I am a big fan of fetch hmm what the fudge what the

fudge you might also say oh fudge oh fudge and you can say that you see

it's not it that's not rude that's not swearing it is a very normal

word a very simple word it is not offensive oh fudge it's making me laugh

now you can just fudge off oh fudge off

what the fudge oh fudge you can just fudge off you see so instead of saying

something in polite or something that is rude you are simply saying fudge oh

fudge would you like to see another one here's another one sugar Oh sugar so you

are not saying anything rude instead of saying a bad word you are saying

something that is innocent and inoffensive

Oh

sugar Oh sugar so you are still expressing your anger or your pain but

you are not swearing your body doesn't know that and all of the people around

you will not be offended Oh sugar Oh sugar I like that one that's

one of my favorites to be honest I think that one might be the most commonly used

if I was honest I think sugar Oh sugar he's often used here's another one Oh

Frick Frick this is another one it is an expression that is often used in the USA

in American English you will often hear this word used in anger when a person

gets angry they might say Frick what the Frick

why don't you Frick oh you are so freakin freakin annoying so there they

are so there is another word that people use in American English

I always remember there was a TV show called scrubs who remembers scrubs and

quite often the word Frick would be used in that program Frick so it is a way of

exclaiming your anger or your pain or your frustration Oh Frick it isn't a

swear word because it was on Scrubs they use that word quite a lot

oh dear here's another one this seemed like a good idea at the time I'm

suddenly regretting this to be honest a

person who is an idiot or a stupid person or maybe they are contemptible

you might you might describe them as an a-hole see I don't think that's so bad

that is a lot better than saying the actual word so you might say that

someone isn't a whole is that bad I'm not sure can you hear the sound above my

head it sounds like the builders have gone back to work on my roof I might get

a little bit annoyed myself in a minute here's another one Oh beggar beggar

beggar you might use this word sometimes when you are angry when you are feeling

frustrated let's have a look shall we why don't you beggar off oh you naughty

man you stupid beggar

you stupid beggar now the word beggar in this respect doesn't mean a person who

is homeless it is just being used instead of another word so these words

are not actually being used in their context or their proper context they are

just being used as substitutes for a word that might be offensive or a word

that might get you into trouble beggar why don't you beggar off

you stupid beg people used to say that a lot when I was growing up to me I don't

know why I really don't know why they would say that to me why would they do

that I don't know so there is a word you can

use as a substitute for a swear word here's another one we often use the next

one in British English Tosh Tosh I don't believe you it is all Tosh what a load

of Tosh this means nonsense something that is

nonsense something that makes no sense something that you don't believe you

might say I don't believe you it is all tosh what a load of Tosh and that is

often used in British English we will describe something as Tosh Tosh so these

words are not offensive I won't get into trouble for using these words because

they are simple words normal words average words you see here's another one

I like this one this is one of my favorites by the way Fiddlesticks

if you are feeling angry annoyed or upset about something you might say Oh

Oh fiddlesticks Oh fiddlesticks and that means well it doesn't really

mean anything to be honest it is just a way of getting your anger out by saying

something so it isn't offensive it isn't upsetting I'm waiting for the builders

to come crashing through my roof I really am Fiddlesticks

Oh fiddlesticks it is an exclamation it is a way of vent

or expressing your pain or frustration Oh Oh fiddlesticks

Oh sugar oh fudge here's one oh I'm only going to put this on the screen for a

few seconds this is only going on the screen you will have to look quickly at

this one are you ready so this one is very rude although it isn't rude but the

meaning is rude so you might have to pause the video here it is right now and

that's it so that was the last one that one is really rude I'm not going to go

any further into that one so even though the sentence isn't rude the meaning can

be very rude shall I show you it again okay very quickly there it is that's it

that's all you're getting that's all you're getting I'm not showing that for

more than half a second I would like to stay on YouTube for a

little bit longer if you don't mind hello Abdullah is here hello

Abdullah we are talking about alternatives to swear words so words

that we often use that are rude and offensive there are other words you can

use instead for example sugar Oh sugar sugar it's a

simple word however you can use it as an alternative to a very naughty word

you don't say that someone is fiddlesticks

you just say it as an expression so you don't say that someone feels filled

fiddlesticks it is something you say it is an

expression so it doesn't describe anything it doesn't describe a person or

their feelings it is just something you say as a way of expressing your anger

yasya is here hello also fly or die in my opinion what's worse is often the

tone that some people have isn't isn't it true or isn't that right yes you are

right sometimes a person can speak to you with a very unfriendly or rude tone

so the tone of someone's voice can actually be rude even if the words they

are using are not maybe you go into a shop new or you are in a bad mood and

perhaps you've been waiting for a long time to be served and then when you

finally get to the salesperson your tone is very rude when they serve you you say

thank you well you can hear the tone of my voice is actually unfriendly so even

though the words I'm using are friendly and polite my tone is not I am being

maybe sarcastic so I am being rude unfriendly because of the tone of my

voice so sometimes it is interesting you can say very innocent things but

sometimes you can still sound very rude very impolite so yes that's that's a

good point I like that

Robin says if you say Jar Jar it means yes yes in Germany but also the meaning

is very bad okay then I won't say it again fly or die a gentleman will not

use a rude tone no however a person might lose control of their emotions so

they might be feeling frustrated or in a bad mood so they might use and friendly

or rude words yes you are being sarcastic or ironic you are saying it

but you don't really mean it you don't mean it I like that we're going to take

a break in a moment so those are some words we can use instead of swearing I

think I have a good idea because we have been talking about memories today so

here is an excerpt from one of my lessons that I made a few years ago all

about the subject of memory and this is not the full lesson this is just an

excerpt so you are going to see some small parts of that lesson however if

you want to see the full lesson the full lesson is underneath this video the link

is below in the description so let's go back in time and have a look at one of

my earlier lessons where I was talking all about memory

hi everybody this is mr. Duncan in England how are you today are you okay I

hope so are you happy I hope so in today's lesson we are going to look at

one of the most fascinating processes to take place in the human body the thing

that helps to make all of us the individuals we are the place where the

experiences we have had and the knowledge we have acquired is stored it

is something that even now we do not fully understand in today's lesson we

will be discussing the human memory

the important things we do and see stay in the memories of you and me the

moments from our childhood remain precious and treasured the limit of the

memory cannot be measured as we make our way through this life with all of its

joy and pain those happy memories long since gone in time will make a smile

again and again

the word memory is a noun that defines the place where information is stored

memory can also be the thing that is being remembered a memory of something

is stored in the memory the action of remembering involves retrieving the

information from the memory computers have memory as to humans although the

way they are designed and operate is not quite the same a stored memory can be

anything your first kiss the first time you ever rode a bike the day your pet

goldfish died all of these significant memories are stored away somewhere up

here in my previous lesson I talked about our senses I also mentioned the

fact that the things we sense such as light and sound create information which

is stored in the memory when we see or hear something the information created

passes through the brain it is then filtered so as to decide whether the

information is important enough to be stored permanently this system prevents

the brain from becoming too cluttered with an important or useless information

there are many similarities between the way in which the human brain stores

information and the computer sitting in front of you now in computer terms

stored information is called data a computer stores data electronically in

its memory the brain transmits and stores information in the form of

electricity and chemicals when a piece of information is transmitted in the

brain and electrical pulse travels along the nerve and fires across a gap to a

cell the gap is called a synapse there are trillions of these synapses in the

human brain the signal carrying the information is then transferred

chemically where it attaches itself to the cell one single brain cell can have

thousands of these synaptic connections the number of cells contained in the

brain is constantly changing as you learn new things then new cells are

created to store the information in as amazing as it may sound it is actually

possible to change the structure of your brain by learning new things recently it

was discovered that even by carrying out a daily task in a slightly different way

it is possible to stimulate the growth of new brain cells

by using your memory you are retrieving information that is stored in the brain

selves you are consciously searching for the information you are recalling an

event from your past you are thinking about something you are reminiscing you

recall you think you recollect you reminisce you remember

of course not all of our stored memories are happy ones in fact some people might

say that they recall the bad moments of their past more easily than the good

ones a terrible event or a distressing occurrence can have a profound impact on

the way we think a traumatic event not only blemishes your memory it can also

affect your character stress and anxiety are both common side effects of going

through a terrible ordeal so while our memory gives us the ability to remember

the good things it also stores many of the things we would much rather forget

it is possible to misremember things sometimes we add parts to a memory so as

to give it more form just because you remember an event does not necessarily

mean that's how it actually occurred it could be an inaccurate memory your

memory can play tricks on you childhood memories tend to be made up of

fleeting moments and small events that play in the mind like a short video clip

these distant memories can be happy or sad good or bad

mmm there it was one of my many many English lessons that you can find on my

youtube channel and yes the address is underneath and all of the playlists are

also underneath this video as well

mm-hmm it's getting noisy the workmen are now right above my studio right

above my head there are people working on my house because over the years parts

of the house have fallen off so these nice men working above my head are now

putting all of those pieces back isn't that lovely although you might actually

hear a little bit of noise a little bit of disturbance whilst I'm talking to you

for which I apologize however mr. Steve I think we can blame Steve for this

it's mr. Steve's fault because it was him that arranged it you see Steve

arranged for the builders to come here so this is his project not mine it's

nothing to do with me so that is what is going on I hope you're feeling good

today it is it is a very strange day it sounds

as if we might have some special guests in a moment crashing through my ceiling

I hope not hi everyone I hope you are feeling good we are going to play the

sentence game today by the way we are playing the sentence game I know a lot

of people like playing that and that is what we are going to do today would you

like to look at it's simple and interesting and interesting

shall I just go off for a few moments and come back this is slightly

distracting I'll be honest with you I could never be a reporter do you ever

watch the TV and you see those reporters and they are reporting live from a war

zone and there's all sorts of things going on around them there there there

are explosions and all sorts of things happening and yet they stay completely

calm and they they stay focused on what they are talking about I could never do

that I would be so distracted by everything that's going on around me

hello emolia Oh Emilio hello Emilio nice to see you as well

awesome lesson as all of the ones you have done you are the best mr. Duncan

yes there are some of my English lessons that I call my epic lessons so something

that is epic is big and something that is extravagant or something that goes on

for a long time might be described as epic so I have over the years made some

very long English lessons that go on for maybe 30 or 40 minutes and they are

covering normally one particular subject

please please don't come through my ceiling please thank you so yes I have

made some epic lessons including a lesson all about memory also reality one

of my favorite lessons that one also I did a special lesson all about the

Samuel Johnson I'm really distracted by this sound above my head Samuel Johnson

who of course compiled the first ever English dictionary I also made one as

well I'm thinking of using a swear word at the moment oh fudge oh dear

so those those words that I gave you earlier are not actually swear words

they are alternatives they are alternatives to swear words so they are

not rude but it is a way of venting or expressing your anger without offending

anyone around you which i think is lovely here's an interesting idiom have

you ever heard of this idiom I'm going to show you an animal and believe it or

not there is also an idiom connected to this particular animal there it is oh

it's so cute I remember at school when I was a little child we had a guinea pig

in our classroom and during the summer holidays they would always ask one of

the students to take the guinea pig home to take care of it during the summer

school holidays and one year they asked me so one year we actually looked after

the school guinea pig and I still remember his name his name was William I

know it's a strange name for an animal so yes there is a guinea pig however

there is also an expression an idiom that can be used in English as well

would you like to see it we can also use guinea pig as an idiom to be used as a

test subject normally if you are testing something or experimenting maybe a new

product or maybe some new medicine it is often used when we are describing a

person being used as a test subject or maybe an animal that is being used as a

test subject for the trial of a new product or medicine we can use the

expression to be used as a guinea pig so you might say that someone who is being

tested on maybe there is an experimental drug or a product you might describe

that person as being a guinea pig even though they are not a guinea pig but it

is actually being used as an idiom so if you experiment on someone if you are

testing something to make sure that it is safe so anyone can be a guinea pig

even a human being can be used in a test as a guinea pig

you are testing a product you're testing something on a person they are being

used as a guinea pig interesting I love the English language because there are

so many strange words that exist in the language itself talking which would you

like to have a look at some strange words here are some unusual words some

unusual words would you like to see something unusual here is an unusual

word an unusual strange English word Oh mr. Duncan I've never seen this word

before how do you describe this word Oh Lina is going see you later Lina catch

you later hopefully see you on Sunday mr. Steve

will be here yes he will be here with us on Sunday the word you can see now on

the screen is pronounced jostle jostle jostle if you push shove if you try to

get through a crowd of people if lots of people are pushing against

each other they jostle maybe you are trying to push your way to the throat to

the front of a group of people jostle struggle fight against you are trying to

get through a crowd of people jostle jostle a very unusual word it is an

action you are doing it you are jostling maybe you are trying to reach a certain

position in your company so maybe two or three people are trying to get ahead in

their company maybe one person is going to be promoted so many people try to get

that one position they will jostle they will push they will try to get to the

front jostle a very unusual English word here's another one forage oh and like

this one forage it is a word it is an action if you forage for something it

means you search you forage normally through a certain area or a certain

location you forage maybe you are trapped alone in a forest maybe you are

looking for food maybe you have to search for something to eat

you forage forage for food you search for food you are trying to find

something to eat you forage you search you look in a

hungry way for something I like that one

here's another one oh I like this one

cackle cackle this describes a sound maybe a laugh maybe if a woman is

laughing or an old lady is laughing in an evil way is the description of that

sound a person will cackle cackle maybe the

sound of a witch laughing as she flies over at night during Halloween she

cackles cackles I love that word I like it very much

cackle here's another one another strange English word and yes these are

real words they are real words here is another one ooh

splurge splurge it's an interesting word actually splurge because it sounds like

something that is coming out maybe something is coming out quickly maybe

water maybe a volcano is erupting and it will

splurge however this word means something

completely different if you splurge it means you suddenly

spend a lot of money you splurge you go out and you do a lot of shopping you buy

lots of new clothes maybe you buy some new shoes maybe you buy a new hat maybe

you buy lots of jewelry to where you splurge you suddenly go out and you

spend a lot of money you went out yesterday you went to town and you

splurged you had a good splurge you splurge your money you spend your money

on many things you treat yourself to something nice you go out to do some

shopping you splurge mm-hmm here's another one if I can find it oh - yes I

like this word again a very unusual word it is a real word it describes a certain

type of thing a thing that has a certain effect or it gives you a certain feeling

or emotion Oh teos some people pronounce it osius you can pronounce it as odious

or oto s' something that is odious or oto s' is something that is pointless or

meaningless something that has no point something that is a waste of time

something that has no meaning it is meaningless

it is odious it is an English word and it is real I know one thing I love

revealing these strange words because I have a feeling sometimes

you might not have heard of these words before so maybe for you some of these

words are actually new maybe you've not heard them before

hello I come here for the first time your voice is very comfortable to listen

to thank you very much that's very kind of you to say my name is Duncan I live

in England I am an English man and I talk about the English language and

right now we are talking about unusual strange English words oh here's another

one this describes a type of action an

action the way you are doing something can you pronounce this word I will help

you to pronounce it don't worry I'm not going to make this too difficult here is

the word schmaltz ooh I like that one I hope the subtitles will produce a good

translation of this word schmaltz something that is described as schmaltz

is something that is over sentimental something that uses too much

emotion or uses it needlessly too much emotion over emotional too much kissing

too much romance a little bit is okay but too much you might describe it as

schmaltz that movie oh my goodness that couple the story oh all of their all of

their love story it was it was full of schmaltz it was too too emotional there

was too much love there was too much kissing there was all it was too much it

was too much we described it as schmaltz so it is possible it is

possible to have too much emotion maybe you are trying to create an emotional

feeling in your audience you are doing something to make them feel emotional we

might describe that as schmaltz schmaltz it's a great word Vitesse says what

about Saba stuff yes well we are doing something that is trying to to create

emotion a certain type of emotion maybe love or sadness too much sentimentality

sentimentality it is too sentimental too much too much here's another one oh I

like this one here's a great word used quite often in American English yes I do

talk about American English and British English words as well this particular

one is used in American English and I love this word it is so expressive

bupkis bupkis if you have bupkis you have nothing you have no money you have

nothing you can say that you have bupkis you have nothing maybe you are playing

cards with your friends you are trying to win some money and they ask you to

show your hand they want to see the cards that you are holding in your hand

and you say I know I'm not going to win I've got bupkis but kiss I've got

nothing I've got nothing here nothing here that is useful it is bupkis

and this apparently comes from Yiddish which means nothing to have nothing so I

love that schmaltz also sounds Yiddish yes I

believe it is actually and bupkis as well I heard this word the other night

on television I heard someone say bupkus and I thought that is a great word so I

wrote it down and that's why I'm using it now on today's livestream bupkis

I love that so much would you like to have a look at another word one more

before we carry on reticent if a person is reticent what does it

mean does anyone know I wonder if anyone knows what this word actually means if

you are reticent reticent what does it mean does anyone know I will say a

special hello and a round of applause for the first person that gets that

right what does reticent mean you might

express a person who is what as reticent reticent anyone no apparently Sergio

says bupkis in Russian means money that's interesting I like that so I'm

learning something now I like that a lot bubkis you have nothing nothing I like

it if a person is reticent what does it

mean you are reticent does anyone know

we will be playing the sentence game in a few moments if anyone knows what

reticent means please let me know Vitesse thank you for your guests

does anyone else know I've got no idea what reticent mean

okay then anyone else the same word also in French oh I see yes thank you Anna

something you are reluctant to do you don't want to approach that subject you

are reticent Ritt esand thank you very much thank you

Anna and also stanislav yes you don't want to

talk about something you are being reticent reticent you are being

reluctant to do something maybe you don't want to say something you are

hiding something you are being reticent thank you also

Corrie Vitesse stanislav Anna thank you very much

and

I promised that I would give you a round of applause and there it was reticent to

be reluctant you don't want to say anything you don't want to give anything

away you don't want to reveal any secrets you are being reticent I like it

it is time now to take a look at one of my full English lessons and then we will

be back we will be back live with the sentence game so don't go away we will

be back and we will be playing the sentence game in just a few moments time

oh thank you thank you for that lovely round of applause isn't it nice to

receive a warm welcome a polite greeting offered to someone as they appear is a

warm welcome you are pleased to see someone so you offer them a warm welcome

an audience might clap or applaud the action of a group of people clapping is

a round of applause you can also applaud someone for their

achievements you give praise and encouragement to someone by telling them

how happy you are for them you applaud them I know what you're thinking now mr.

Duncan when are you going to start today's full English lesson that is a

very good question so without any more delay let's get on with today's full

English lesson right

now how are things going with your English studies are you progressing well

are you happy with the way it is going or are there some annoying difficulties

you are experiencing right now one of the biggest problems with learning a new

language is appreciating how well you are doing it is very easy to

underestimate how well you are progressing with your English learning

you might think you are doing much worse than you actually are

this is one of the reasons why you might need to build some self-confidence in

not only your ability to learn but also to appreciate how far you have come with

your studies during my time I have mentored many

students who have an unrealistic view of how much they have learned try to avoid

always comparing yourself to other English speakers as I said in the

previous lesson you must not put too much pressure on yourself learn to

appreciate how much you have learned be proud of what you have achieved so far

learning is a journey and on that journey it is useful to take a look back

now and again to fully appreciate how far you have come with your English

Studies

it's time to take a look at another buzzword a burst word is a word or

phrase that is popular during a certain time or is generally used today's

buzzword is privilege the word privilege is generally used as a noun and means a

special right advantage or immunity granted or available only to a

particular person or group in this sense the word is used to show inequality or a

certain bias towards a particular social group some people see privilege is a

thing enjoyed only by a certain race or someone with a high social standing it

always seems to be the privileged few who get into a good university the

privilege might be there from birth examples of which include being born in

a particular country to a certain social class or of a certain race the topic of

privilege has become a hot subject over the years the perception that one social

group has more rights than another often relates to the notion of privilege we

can also use privilege to express the honor of doing something it is a

privilege for me to be here with you all again another use of privilege relates

to the right of a lawyer or official to refuse to divulge or

reveal confidential informations the private or confidential conversations

between a professional and their client can be classed as privileged information

it cannot be disclosed the phrase check your privilege is used to suggest that

someone should recognize that their attitudes or views reflect the fact that

they are in a privileged or advantageous position because of their particular

social category or categories to which they belong for example there

is the concept of white privilege which suggests an inherent bias or favoritism

towards those who are Caucasian the original meaning of the word privilege

literally means private law and comes from Latin with the original definition

expressing a particular law affecting an individual we are back live hello

everyone welcome it is Friday afternoon and the weekend is just around the

corner Oh

I think the builders have disappeared I think they've gone so there will be no

more banging above my head yes I think they've gone unless of course they're

fallen off the roof anyway either way it's quiet now hello everyone

thanks for joining me today I hope you've enjoyed today's English addict

live stream coming to you live from the birthplace of English which just happens

to be England yes here we go then would you like to play the game the game that

everyone is playing all around the world yes it's the sentence game

okay don't calm down calm down everyone calm down stay calm don't get too

excited we still have another half an hour to go before the end of today's

livestream so please stay calm you might need a piece of paper and a pen to help

you with this it is very simple very easy to play you can all play along

wherever you are in the world all by the way can I say hello to Tonya art hello

Tonya nice to see you back again I haven't

seen you for ages

for such a long time I haven't seen you here we go it's very simple all you have

to do is look at the sentence however there will be some gaps there will be

some spaces that you have to put one word into and today I'm doing it

slightly differently because I'm going to also show you an answer as well on

the screen so I'm going to make it more interesting by actually showing you an

answer afterwards so first I will reveal the sentence and then what I want you to

do is tell me what those words are the words that are missing in the sentence

I'm going to show you nip right now so are you ready to play the sentence game

hello aivars can I say hello now yes you can I have just arrived from work hello

I've asked nice to see you back here again time does fly apparently when you

are having fun I don't know if that relates to my livestream I'm not sure

here we go then and there it is on the screen right now buddy

things blank looking blank for the blank

things blank looking blank for the blank all you have to do is put a word in

those spaces put one word only one word I have to be very strict you see one

word in those spaces things something looking something for the something any

ideas don't worry I won't rush you I am NOT

going to be rushin I'm not going to rush any of you at all yes Tanya it's nice to

see you again where have you been we've missed you where have you been we

haven't seen you for such a long time welcome back anyway things something

looking something for the something it is the sentence game you can play along

at home you can play along wherever you are whatever you're doing maybe you are

at work maybe you have returned to work after the lockdown maybe you are still

in lockdown in a few days we will have to put we will have to start wearing

face masks again here in the UK we are all going to have to wear them we have

no choice if you go outside you will have to wear your face mask from the

15th of June make of that what you will things blank looking blank for the blank

any ideas things will be oh there's two words there you see the

we'll be looking good for the summer things will be looking good for the

summer I suppose you could do that but there is only one word there you see

only one word I know I know Sergio I know you are going to complain you are

going to say mr. Duncan ear ear mr. Duncan you're too strict why do you make

it so difficult for us well the reason why I make it so

difficult is because uh well that's why that's why we have quizzes games

questions they are all there to help you think about the English language so

that's the reason why Thank You Vijay things were looking for for things were

looking for for the master things were looking well in this sense this is not

the action of looking so we are using the word looking in a very different way

here we are looking at it as a point of view so a point of view so you are not

directly looking at something you are talking about the way something appears

appears so if you look at something you are looking exactly and straight at it

however looking can also mean your your sense of a situation or the way you view

something Oh

Hiroko hello Hiroko Hiroko tani I haven't seen you for a while hello

Hiroko things are looking worse for the country I like it

things are looking worse for the country that's a good one I like

that one I like that a lot

yes that is a good one even though the sentence is negative it is a negative

sentence however this is something many people have said recently things are

looking worse for the country maybe the situation is getting worse I think so

Sergio says things are looking English things are looking English for the UK

I'm not sure if that is grammatically correct so in this sense the word

looking is expressing maybe the feeling you have about the future or a current

situation things are looking they are looking good

they are looking bad so this does not have to be a negative sentence it can

also be a positive sentence I will show you in a moment

tomorrow says things are looking fashionable and nice enough for the

evening party well that is a lot of extra words in that sentence however I

do I do actually like your sentence I like it you see things are looking

fashionable and nice enough for the evening party so if something looks

fashionable it looks up-to-date it looks modern stylish maybe I like that good

things were looking the same for the children

things were looking the same for the children something that hasn't changed

we can say that it looks the same however I don't think it fits in here I

don't think it fits in this sentence

things are looking bad things are looking bad for the using maybe for the

quite often we will have a noun or some thing that describes a thing things are

looking bad for the what we had a good answer earlier country so country so at

the end of that sentence you are going to put and now on things are looking bad

all of course you can say things are looking good so it doesn't have to be a

negative sentence this sentence can be positive or negative

things are looking bad for the country

things will be looking better for the summer again a good answer

slightly too many words but yes things will be looking better for the summer or

maybe you could say things will be looking better when the summer arrives

or when summer arrives

some very interesting answers here by the way Moe he says things are looking

bad for the moment yes I like that is actually a very good answer

mm yes I like that one things are looking bad for the moment for the

moment means at this present time at this time things are looking bad for the

moment for the moment means this particular period of time for this

moment things are looking bad for the moment

things are looking bad right now you could also say things are looking

good for the moment some very interesting answers by the way can you

say hi to Solange and Evelyn says gene or gen gene

Pinero can you please say hello to Solange and also Evelyn

hello Solange and Evelyn nice to see you here thank you for joining me on my

English addict live I hope you are enjoying this as much as I am the things

are looking difficult for the human beings

things are looking difficult for the maybe you could say people for the

people for the people the population things are looking good for the

population the people things are looking bad for the population

things are looking awesome for things are looking awesome for the moment yes

things are looking good things are looking awesome

things are looking great for the moment so maybe it is something that is

temporary something that is only going to last for a short time for the moment

for the moment I don't know how long it will last

but maybe it will only be here for a for a short time it will be here for the

moment oh I did absolutely nothing during my quarantine days but now I'm

here and I brought some new books oh okay then good are they exercise books

are they English books good I will give you my answer right now can we say look

things look well you can say things look but you don't need to put something

there so you might say things look bad for the future things look bad for the

future so it's basically the same meaning however we are talking generally

about a current situation things are looking looking bad this is a

situation that is happening now things are looking bad I will have a look at

one of my answers so here is one of my answers to this things are looking bleak

for the economy things are looking bleak for the economy

so this is my answer you can see the sentence structure things are

that means that is actually happening things are looking bleak so a very

similar word two bad things are looking bleak things are looking gloomy things

are looking negatively or negative for the economy so this is something from

the news that we've heard recently about many countries that are now suffering

from economic crises they are suffering crises plural of crisis things are

looking bleak for the economy something a lot of people have been saying

recently during these strange weird times here's another one oh okay then

here's another one I will not rush you don't worry I'm not

going to rush you here it is things aren't looking easy for the

planet things aren't looking so good maybe Thank You Lina I thought you were

going Lina Lina you said you were going but now you've returned I can see you

you can't stay away for very long hello also to Malia

oh hello Malia nice to see you back here is another one don't something stand

something do blank don't blank stand blank do blank fill in the gaps there

are some gaps there are some spaces and in those spaces I want you to put a word

in each of those spaces we will be going in ten minutes by the way we will be

going in around out ten minutes time a lot of people on

the live chat Michelle says it's too hard

now last week a lot of people complained that it was too easy so I always try to

make some of them easy and some of them hard

don't stand do any ideas ah

okay then Vitas Vitas that is a good answer

you are very close very close there I like that one

don't be stand dull do something now I think I know what you are trying to say

there I think I know what you are trying to express and it is the same thing that

I am expressing here it's the same thing however the grammar is not right

unfortunately don't you stand up do it

says Sandra Moe SEM don't look stand up also we have real horror

stories be up set down don't be stand no unfortunately once again the grammar is

not right so stand means to be in one place maybe a person is not moving so

you are giving them an instruction an instruction so this is actually an

instruction you are saying to someone you are telling them to do it don't

something stand something do ah lolly lolly lolly lolly that is a

good answer yes I like that one

that gets a round of applause definitely lali lali don't just stand there do

something useful well in fact you don't have to say useful in this sentence you

can just say don't just stand there do something don't just stand there do

something so perhaps you are having an emergency

maybe your fire your house is on fire and your neighbor is looking at you

hello and you say to your neighbor don't just stand there do something so maybe

you want your neighbor to help you perhaps you are trapped in the house you

are shouting from the house because the house is on fire you can't get out and

your neighbor is just standing there like a silly sausage doing nothing so

you say don't just stand there do something don't just stand there please

do something help me I will show you the answer that I have here don't just stand

there do something we are playing the sentence game and there is my answer

don't just stand there do something please help me don't just look at me

don't just stand there do something I need help please

please give me help I need some assistance don't just stand there do

something

here's another one I think we have time for maybe one or maybe two more before

we have to go here is another one we are playing the sentence game Oh

I think a lot of people will get this they will get this I think so so I think

many people are going to get this one you can blank anything blank you blank

blank blank to it what could that be you can blank anything blank you blank

blank blank do it I will give you a chance don't worry

yes don't just stand there have you ever had that situation where

you've been in trouble and someone is just watching you they're not helping

you they're just looking and you say don't

just stand there do something so here is another one you can blank anything blank

you blank blank blank to it Oh Christian rendang you can be anything if you put

the effort if you put the effort to it

you can do anything if you make the sacrifice if you make the sacrifice to

do it I like that one I like that's a good one yes I like that one so both of

those Nicole Christian and also

Sergio is well you can do anything what you want but do it hmm

well the last two words are to it not do it to it but you are very close

hello English with escaped or Ashgate do that want to do hmm

you can do anything very close very near yes very near hello rush you can do

anything if you put your mind to it

thank you very much to rush Dermott

that's a pretty good that's a really good piece of advice I must say that is

a really good piece of advice yes I will show you the full sentence you can do

anything all you can't achieve anything I think this word is much better so this

is a much better word you can achieve anything if you put your mind to it so

this is a great way of reminding yourself that if there is something that

you want to do in your life if there is something that you want to learn about

this crazy world around us maybe there is something that you are interested in

well guess what you can achieve anything if you put your mind to it

achieve I suppose you could also say do you can do anything if you put your mind

to it you can achieve anything so I think this word is much better I think

this word is a nice word to use achieve in your life as you go through school as

you go through your education quite often you will achieve things and of

course as you go through life as well you will achieve things quite often you

have to put a lot of effort a lot of time into doing it Wladimir you can get

anything if you will try to do it you can get anything if you will try to

do it to do something is an action but

sometimes we don't want to do it maybe sometimes we think that doing something

is too hard however sometimes you have to put your mind to it

you have to think hard you have to work hard you have to do something maybe over

a long period of time remember you can achieve

anything if you put your mind to it you

can do anything if you properly prepare

to it we normally say prepare for it so you don't prepare to something you

prepare for something because prepare is before before you see so prepare is

always before something happens you can't prepare for something after it has

happened you have to prepare for something before so you have to prepare

for it because it hasn't happened yet so all preparation happens before the event

not after high it is nice seeing you here before the end Thank You Helena I

will be with you for a few more moments and then I will be going we have another

one would you like another one okay I think we've got time we've got enough

time for one I think okay quite a few here quite a few blank spaces I

something beam something some something for my something holiday

thank you for jaw forger news no this is no just this is hard work hard listening

writing speaking reading you have to put your hard work into it yes when we talk

about hard work we mean effort effort so something that is hard to do quite often

you will have to work harder you will have to put more effort into it whatever

it is you are doing quite often in life things require a lot of effort a lot of

work so here's the next one i blank beam blank some blank for my

blank holiday all you have to do is fill in the gaps put one word in each space

one word now this particular sentence expresses something that you intend to

do something you will do in the future something you are planning for quite

often if there is something you want to do sometimes you have to plan for it you

have to do some planning preparation quite often when you want to do

something you need money yes and this sentence refers to that

I have no correct answers yet Thank You Stefano I have been there some days I

have been there some days for my holiday but what type of holiday connell Thank

You Colonel I have been given some money for my summer holidays that is a very

good one

I like that a lot yes that's a good one Thank You Colonel I have been given I

have been given some money for my summer holiday I like that

good hello also English with Ashgate are you a teacher of English by the way

are you a teacher of English do you teach English I have been doing some

hard work in my summer holiday I have been doing some hard work for my summer

holiday hmm well first of all we don't have in we

have four so this is something that you are planning for this is something that

you are planning ahead for so it hasn't happened yet you are planning ahead for

something I have been doing some work I have been doing some work for my summer

holiday hmm not bad but there is something else that you are doing in

this sentence something you have been doing so you can have your summer

holiday I for I've been doing something for my holiday what have you been doing

quite often you we need money you need money when you want to do something if

you want to go on holiday quite often you will find that you need money to do

it unfortunately I have been buying some clothes for my summer holiday I have

been buying some clothes for my summer holiday I like that one

so yes you are planning ahead I have been buying some clothes for my summer

holiday there is another one though there is another because quite often you

will need money

Agustina hello Agustina I have been saving some money for my next holiday I

have the same thing look there it is that's exactly what I had on my screen I

have been saving some money for my next holiday I have been saving some money

for my next holiday quite often when you want to do something and if it's

something that might cost a lot of money you have to save for it so this sentence

is saying I have been saving some money for my next holiday so in this sentence

we have something you have been doing and something you will do in the future

I have been saving some money for my next holiday and oh no I can't believe

it that is almost it I can't believe we have come to the end of another lesson I

can't believe we we have almost reached two hours two hours I've been in with

you thank you for your answers today so many answers I am going to look through

your answers later I always like to read the live chat now what happens

sometimes this is what happens sometimes sometimes when I'm doing my live chat I

might not see all of your messages so what I like to do I like to watch the

live stream but I'm I don't watch myself because that would be very narcissistic

don't you think but instead I like to read the live chat so I always like to

watch the live chat again later on and of course you can also watch this later

as well on YouTube with captions I have been earning some money

for my summer holidays yes English with ash cat that is a good one as well I

have been earning some money quite often if you are a student quite often if you

are a student who is struggling you are going to university however you don't

have a job you might have to take a part-time job to save some money so you

earn a little money and then you save it so yes that is something you have to do

sometimes you are right you have to earn money to save money if

you like what you see today please give me a lovely like and subscribe give me a

thumbs up and subscribe as well if you like what you see please give me a

lovely thumb and then YouTube hopefully will recommend my videos to everyone

else Christian Rendon says it's good to see

you as well to improve your oral communication and I don't think it will

be narcissistic okay then well maybe some people might think it because I'm

watching myself you see so if I watch myself maybe I'm narcissistic however

I'm not but I do like reading the live chat

later on so I will have a close look at all of your messages later on today you

can watch this again as well you can watch all of this again later on it will

be on YouTube forever and ever Thank You Mohsen thank you fly or die

thank you also to G ol goe goe ace thank you very much yes I want to see your

thumbs please give me lots of thumbs up thank you very much thanks to all of you

today by the way you've been great I would like to give

you all a round of applause before I go

thank you thank you for joining me thank you for being here today

I've really enjoyed myself thank you yeah see ya Thank You curry enjoy the

rest of your day reviewing the the live stream must take

a lot of time mr. Duncan you are a real workaholic yes you might say that

because behind the scenes I am doing a lot more than you see so I'm always

doing something connected with my English lessons reading something

writing something editing something I'm always doing something connected with

this all the time it has become a very big part of my life thanks a lot for

your company see you later take care yes I will be back with you on Sunday back

with mr. Steve also we will be joining you live from 2 p.m. UK time on Sunday

don't forget to join me at 2 p.m. UK time this Sunday I hope you've enjoyed

today's lesson we've talked about a lot of things we've looked at some strange

words we've looked at some polite swear words we've also played the sentence

game as well I hope you've enjoyed this and I will see you on Sunday

this is mr. Duncan in the birthplace of English saying enjoy your weekend enjoy

the rest of your Friday stay safe stay happy and of course until the next time

we meet here on YouTube...

ta ta for now 8-)